Kraków is a city with county rights, located in southern Poland on the Vistula river, as the second largest city in Poland both with reard to the population and surface area. It is a former capital of Poland, Royal Capital City and necropolis of Polish kings, as well as the capital of Małopolska Region.
The city is located at a meeting point of several geographic regions: Sandomierz Basin, West-Beskidian Piedmont and Polish Jurassic Highland.
The history of Kraków as an organised urban centre begins around the 7th and 8th centuries Anno Domini. To this day, we can admire the remains left behind the initial settlers in the form of two mounds: Krakus and Wanda. Another crucial date in the history of the city was its reception of city rights modelled on the Magdeburg Law on the 5th June 1257, allowing the formation of the current shape of the Old Town. As a result, the Wawel Castle became the seat of the contemporary ruler of Poland. The city’s location at an intersection of trade routes: from Rus’ to Germany and the Kingdom of Bohemia (today’s Czech Republic), and from Pomerania to Hungary, Turkey and the Balkans, allowed its fast economic growth.
The capital city of Poland was at the peak of its development in the Polish Golden Age (16th century). In those times, Kraków was – as it is now – the city of science and culture. It attracted the greatest artists, whose works can still be seen today: The altarpiece by Veit Stoss or the cloister at the Wawel Castle, designed by Bartolommeo Berrecci. The history of Kraków is inextricably linked to the history of the Polish nation.
After the Golden Age, the power of the res publica came to a close. The Swedish Deluge, economic downfall and partitions of Poland took their toll on the fate of the country and the city. However, its residents never forgot the times of Kraków’s greatness. Perhaps this is why the city was always a real patriotic lair of the nation. This is whence the First Cadre Company marched, led by Józef Piłsudski, which is why this is also where the invader’s army was disarmed on the Independence Day.
Today, Kraków is a modern and developing city and a melting pot where tradition of indigenous residents is mixed with student’s avant-garde. However, thanks to a great number of monuments, excellently preserved in the city’s layout, it has never lost its majestic character. Krakow is simply magical.
Kraków in numbers:
– surface: 326.8 sq. km
– population: 759 800
– population density: 2323 ppl/sq. km
– 4 administrative units: Śródmieście, Krowodrza, Podgórze, Nowa Huta – jointly divided into 18 districts
– highest point: Piłsudski Mound on Sowiniec – 383.6 m above sea level
– lowest point: Potok Kościelnicki estuary – 187 m above sea level
– tallest building: Cracovia Business Center 105 m
– longest street: Igołomska 9.5 km
– Jagiellonian University is the second oldest university in this part of Europe, established: 12th May 1364.
Kraków.pl mobile application
Krakow now has its very own mobile app! It is Krakow’s first official application addressed to all users of Android phones and iOS. The up-to-date urban guide can be downloaded and installed for free at the Google Play store or at Krakow’s website. CLICK HERE
Photo Magiczny Kraków
Application works offline once it has downloaded data. Thanks to this feature, the users can decide to make updates any time, at no additional cost for data transfer.
The app guide to Krakow includes six sections:
PRACTICAL INFORMATION – the section covers all basic information about the city, such as telephone numbers of hospitals and pharmacies or addresses of tourist information points. The section helps to move around Krakow, choose a restaurant or a hotel.
VISIT KRAKOW – here users will find descriptions of tourist routes, information on Krakow’s major sights, as well as contact details, opening hours and short presentations of local cinemas, museums, galleries and theatres.
CALENDAR OF EVENTS – a calendar of current cultural events such as concerts, theatre plays, exhibitions or outdoor events.
MUNICIPAL TRANSPORT – here one can find invaluable information for all those traveling around Krakow. The section covers updated bus and tram timetables, information on the Krakow Municipal Card (Krakowska Karta Miejska), ticket prices as well as a map of KKM vending machines and parking zones.
NEWS – the section covers all new information published at www.krakow.pl, including news concerning temporary traffic obstructions and major stroies from around town.
MAP OF KRAKOW – a clear and easy to read map of Krakow, which, with the help of GPS, will lead you straight to your chosen destination.
The application is available in English.